On May 24, 2024, the II scientific and practical conference “War for Ukraine: 20th – 21st centuries” was held at the National Museum of the History of Ukraine in the Second World War.

The director of the museum, Candidate of Historical Sciences, Yuriy Savchuk, in his introductory speech, emphasized the importance of realistic coverage of the place and role of Ukrainians during the Second World War, but also the need to study the history of the struggle against Russian aggression, which began in 2014 and was scaled up in February 2022. Four reports were heard at the plenary session, moderated by the head of the Department of Military Historical Research of the Institute of History of Ukraine of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, corresponding member of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor Oleksandr Lysenko.

Among the speakers is Major of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor Ivan Patrilyak. He delivered a report on the topic “Defense of the South of Ukraine: miscalculations and victories”. The head of the genealogical and heraldic research sector of the Institute of Ukrainian History of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Doctor of Historical Sciences, senior researcher Valery Tomazov focused on the problems of preserving the material and non-material culture of the Nadazov Greeks in the conditions of the Russian-Ukrainian war.

Scientists of our Institute took part in the work of the conference. Head of the Department of Political Culture and Ideology, Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor Yuriy Nikolaiets in the report “The use of social networks in the modern Russian-Ukrainian information war” noted that the convenience and speed of media file transmission, the lack of political censorship and the possibility of forming an individual information field. At the same time, the speaker emphasized the vulnerability of social networks under the conditions of the spread of hostile information and psychological special operations, the possibility of manipulation of content and its sources in social networks.

From left to right: Yuriy Shapoval, Ivan Patrilyak, Yuriy Savchuk, Oleksandr Lysenko, Valeriy Tomazov, Yuriy Nikolaiets

Chief Researcher of the Department of Theory and History of Political Science of our Institute, Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor Yuriy Shapoval analyzed the assessments of the initial stage of the Second World War, given by film director and writer Oleksandr Dovzhenko. The report was based on previously secret materials of the Soviet special services. The materials of permanent surveillance of Dovzhenko vividly emphasize his non-conformist moods and experiences, add many new touches to the painting of a realistic portrait of the father of Ukrainian cinema in the era of wartime disturbances.

The conference was broadcast and recorded for presentation on social networks